Two Points from Owen on Scripture

John Owen (1616-1683), frequently named the Prince of the Puritans, was an English, Congregationalist Puritan minister who was influential during the time of and following the Westminster Assembly, and is rightly renowned for his vast erudition and deep piety. Though he is perhaps best remembered today for his practical, pastoral works, nevertheless his doctrinal works (which in themselves almost always exude a deep, practical piety) are often as insightful and careful as any of his day. Below are two key points which Owen makes Read more »


Hermann Venema on Reason and the Knowledge of God

Hermann Venema (1697-1787) occupies a unique place in the history and development of Reformed theology.  He was a Dutch Reformed minister and professor at Franecker during the dying days of the period of orthodoxy.  Reformed theology was increasingly becoming dominated Read more »

Lessons from Du Moulin

Pierre du Moulin (1568-1658) was an important Huguenot theologian during the era of Dort, especially known for his dealings with the Arminian party.  Du Moulin also wrote a brief but important treatise on the knowledge of God, De cognitiae Dei.  What follows is a brief outline and descriptive analysis of the treatise.  All quotations will be from the translation of Robert Codrignton, A Treatise of the Knowledge of God, printed 1634 in London, and citations will be of the paragraph numbers (not pages) employed in that edition.

The first half of Du Moulin’s treatment is centered upon that which may be known of God through natural revelation; and the author at times attributes a fair amount of knowledge more to natural philosophy Read more »

Walaeus on the Nature of God

A common question in Reformed dogmatics was whether one could speak of a nature of God.  Here is a brief translation taken from Walaeus’ Loci Commnunes wherein he briefly sets for that God has a nature, and what it is (taken from from Loc. Comm. III.ii in Opera vol. 1)

The word “nature” is attributed to God in Gal. 4:8, where Paul says, The Gentiles served those which Read more »

Musculus and the Eight Degrees of Divine Knowledge

Musculus (1497-1563)  begins his declaration of the stages of the knowledge of God (Loci Communes, Of the Knowledge of God) by quoting John 17 (And this is everlasting life, to know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent).  This was a standard starting point of Reformed divines in the discussion of the topic (see, for instance, Viret from Read more »

Back Up

This site had to be temporarily put on hold, but it it is now back up and running.  The format will be slightly different: it will not be focused entirely upon Bullinger, but also upon his contemporaries (and at times, the relation of their work to subsequent generation of theologians).   Posts will mostly be short and descriptive.

Have a nice day!

De testamento seu foedere dei — Part I.5

I ask that the reader please excuse the brevity of this post: I was in the process of uploading Part II minutes ago when a thunder storm flickered the power, and the post was lost. I will attempt to reconstruct this post later this evening, the topic of which was twofold : The Substance of the Covenant, and The Parties thereof.

Until then, I think the following must be said regarding this work of Bullinger’s: it may be too easy to overestimate the importance of this work when attempting to systematize Bullinger’s theology and discern controlling motifs from which his topics are synthetically Read more »

Dipleuric Covenant in Calvin

A “popular” claim these days is that Bullinger taught a bilateral covenant, which is evidence of a tradition different from Calvin’s teaching of a strictly unilateral covenant. There is much evidence, however, that this is a misreading of Calvin. I will supply but a few quotes as an example. The first I came across this afternoon.

Whosoever then would contend boldly with the ungodly must first have to do with God, and confirm and ratify as it were the compact which God has proposed to us, even that we are his people, and that he in his turn will be always our God. (Commantary on Habakkuk 1:12)

This in no way undermines or weakens the Read more »

De testamento seu foedere dei — Part I

This will be the first in a series of posts dealing briefly with five early works of Bullinger: 1. The One and Eternal Testament or Covenant of God (1534); 2. Der alte Glaube (1537 – A work written to set forth the antiquity of the Reformed faith); 3. Von dem unverschampten fräfel (1531 – A substantial treatise written against the Anabaptists) 4. The First Helvetic Confession (1536 – A Swiss confession of faith, of which Bullinger was a principal author); and 5. Utriusque in Christo naturae… (1534 – A description of the Biblical doctrine of the natures in Christ).

The first few posts will deal with De testamento seu foedere dei unico & aeterno. This work has the distinction, according to Gottlob Schrenk, of being the first work in history to use the concept of covenant Read more »


This is a new site designed to disseminate information about Heinrich Bullinger, one of the leaders of the Reformation in Europe. Though today he has been much overshadowed by many of his contemporaries, Bullinger was exceedingly important in his own day, and highly influential to the course of Reformed theology in succeeding generations. I hope here to offer freely translations of many of his smaller works, along with analysis of his thought as I conduct further research; in addition, I intend to keep any readers apprised of current studies of Bullinger’s thought, and to offer reviews of the same.